Jurong Outreach

"whom we proclaim, admonishing every man and teaching every man in all wisdom, that we may present every man perfect in Christ."

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What’s the Point of the Old Testament?

The Lord Jesus declared on the cross, “It is finished (John 19:30).” He has completed the work His Father has sent Him to do—to be the propitiation for the sins of the whole world (1 John 2:2).

“For where a testament is, there must also of necessity be the death of the testator. For a testament is of force after men are dead: otherwise it is of no strength at all while the testator liveth (Heb 9:16-17).”

By His sacrificial death Jesus has fulfilled the covenant made at Sinai with the children of Israel and established a second, better covenant.

Today we are amenable to this New Testament established by the blood of Christ. No longer are we to keep the ordinances of the old. But even so the Old Testament scriptures remain an indispensable part of our Christian heritage.

The question often asked is: what purpose did the Old Testament, or the Law of Moses, serve?

Paul went to some length to explain to the Galatian saints.

“Wherefore then serveth the law? It was added because of transgressions, till the seed should come to whom the promise was made (Gal 3:19)…”

First of all, the law was given as an ‘instructor’ to teach what sin is. Paul explained the same point in Romans.

“…I had not known sin, but by the law: for I had not known lust, except the law had said, Thou shalt not covet (Rom 7:7).”

Second, the Old Testament law was never meant to justify anyone; rather, it condemned everyone as sinners.

“…for if there had been a law given which could make alive, verily righteousness would have been of the law. But the scriptures shut up all things under sin (Gal 3:21-22)…”

The same law cannot both condemn and acquit a person at the same time; that is a self-contradiction. Paul has made clear in Romans that both Jews and Gentiles are under sin.

“What then? are we better than they? No, in no wise: for we before laid to the charge both of Jews and Greeks, that they are all under sin…for all have sinned, and fall short of the glory of God (Rom 3:9, 23).”

Thirdly, it is the faith, or the New Testament system, which alone can save.

“…that the promise by faith in Jesus Christ might be given to them that believe. But before faith came, we were kept in ward under the law, shut up unto the faith which should afterwards be revealed. So that the law is become our tutor to bring us unto Christ, that we might be justified by faith (Gal 3:22-24).”

The law acted as a guardian, pointing and leading the way to the system of faith which does save—the gospel of Jesus Christ.

“For I am not ashamed of the gospel: for it is the power of God unto salvation to every one that believeth; to the Jew first, and also to the Greek (Rom 1:16).”

Besides its purpose of explaining what sin is and pointing the way to the gospel, the Old Testament also helps to instil hope in us.

“For whatsoever things were written aforetime were written for our learning, that through patience and through comfort of the scriptures we might have hope (Rom 15:4).”

How do the Old Testament scriptures instil hope in us? When we turn to the pages of the Old Testament we read about the many times God exercised His faithfulness toward His chosen people, Israel.

God did mighty works in their behalf—destroying the army of Pharaoh in the Red Sea, leading the children of Israel across the wilderness into the Promised Land, wiping out the Assyrian army that laid siege to Jerusalem.

We read also of the times God took care of individuals who trusted in Him and obeyed Him. The heroes and heroines of the faith, some of them unnamed, are all examples for our learning straight out of the Old Testament scriptures.

We are reminded time and again of the power and faithfulness of our God. Truly, “God is our refuge and strength, a very present help in trouble (Ps 46:1).” Through the scriptures, we find the hope we need to carry on with our pilgrimage to our eternal home in heaven.

The Old Testament also serves as needful warning for us.

“Now these things were our examples, to the intent we should not lust after evil things, as they also lusted…Now these things happened unto them by way of example; and they were written for our admonition, upon whom the ends of the ages are come (1Co 10:6, 11).”

The Old Testament not only gives us examples to emulate but also examples to avoid. Along the Christian journey we find traps and pitfalls laid out for us. Not all of our predecessors in the faith successfully navigated the minefield which is this world.

The Old Testament scriptures remind us of the children of Israel in the wilderness, how so many of them never made it to Canaan because of their rebellion and unbelief. Truly we need to pay attention to these tragic examples.

We are today amenable to the New Testament of Jesus Christ. But let us remember the Old Testament forms part of our complete inspired scriptures from God. There is so much we can learn from the beauty that is the Old Testament scriptures.


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God Hates Divorce

Divorce remains one of the greatest social ills. The Statistics on marriages and divorces for 2016, released by the Singapore Department of Statistics on 18 July 2017, reveals that divorce in Singapore is at a 10-year high.

Among the reasons given for this increase in divorces are infidelity, money woes, lack of communication, irreconcilable differences and—would you believe it—weight gain.

Whatever the reasons given for divorce, it is hard to deny that divorce brings with it terrible ramifications. It destroys families, hurt the innocent (especially children), leaves psychological and emotional wounds that take a long time to heal, place massive stress on finances, etc.

While divorce has been a social norm for a long time, God’s attitude toward divorce remains steadfast and unchanged. The people of Israel wanted to know why God rejected their offerings and petitions. He explained through the prophet Malachi one of the reasons.

“Yet you say, ‘For what reason?’ Because the LORD has been witness between you and the wife of your youth, with whom you have dealt treacherously; yet she is your companion and your wife by covenant. But did He not make them one, having a remnant of the Spirit? And why one? He seeks a godly offspring. Therefore take heed to your spirit, and let none deal treacherously with the wife of his youth. For the LORD God of Israel says that He hates divorce, for it covers one’s garment with violence, says the LORD of hosts. Therefore take heed to your spirit, that you do not deal treacherously (Mal 2:14-16).”

God hates divorce. Surely the increase in divorces is a sure sign of the growing godlessness of the society we live in.

The church is the salt of the earth (Mat 5:13). But as the Lord says, if salt has lost its taste, how shall its saltiness be restored? It is no longer good for anything except to be thrown out and trampled under people’s feet.

It is our task to voice out against this appalling social ill. In the short course of our national history we have been blessed bountifully. But let’s not take it for granted that God’s blessings will continue if we allow our morality to plunge.

“Righteousness exalts a nation: but sin is a reproach to any people (Pro 14:34).”

But doesn’t God allow divorce as Moses in the Law had made provisions?

“When a man takes a wife and marries her, and it happens that she finds no favour in his eyes because he has found some uncleanness in her, and he writes her a certificate of divorce, puts it in her hand, and send her out of his house (Deu 24:1)…”

The Jews apparently had been abusing this text to divorce their wives for just any reason, much like today’s society (weight gain? Seriously?).

The Pharisees thought this would be a thorny issue to challenge Jesus, so they came to Him one day and asked, “Is it lawful for a man to divorce his wife for just any reason (Mat 19:3)?”

A root of the problem is the understanding of what Moses meant by “found some uncleanness in her.” Jesus began by correcting their erroneous thinking that God approves of divorce.

“And He answered and said unto them, ‘Have you not read that He who made them at the beginning made them male and female, and said, For this reason a man shall leave father and mother and be joined to his wife, and the two shall become one flesh? So then they are no longer two but one flesh. Therefore what God has joined together, let not man separate (Mat 19:4-6).’”

Referring to Deuteronomy 24:1, the Pharisees tried to press their issue. “They say to Him, ‘Why then did Moses command to give a certificate of divorce, and to put her away (Mat 19:7)?”

Jesus expounded to them the scripture. First of all, Moses permitted divorce because of the hardness of the people’s hearts against the ordinance of God on the sanctity of marriage (v. 8). The Lord goes on to explain what Moses meant by “found some uncleanness in her.”

“And I say unto you, Whosoever shall put away his wife, except it be for fornication, and shall marry another, committeth adultery: and whoso marrieth her which is put away doth commit adultery (Mat 19:9).”

The only acceptable reason for divorce is fornication, which is illicit sexual intercourse between two unmarried persons or two persons not married to each other. Anyone who divorces his/her spouse other than for sexual infidelity and remarries is guilty of adultery. And anyone who marries the one guilty of fornication is likewise guilty of adultery.

Jesus explains what Moses meant by ‘uncleanness’. It is fornication. There is no contradiction in the scriptures. It is men who twist the word of God to gratify their inordinate desires.

God hates divorce. Just because He allows it due to the hardness of men’s hearts does not mean He approves of it. In Rom 1:28 we learn that “God gave them (the wicked) over to a debased mind, to do those things which are not fitting”. It does not mean God either condones or approves of sin.

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Reflections on the Book of Joel

Danny Leong

The Minor Prophets in the OT are portions of Scriptures that are seldom read, but it does contain several important biblical principles that are still relevant to our lives as God’s children today. I will share with you some of my reflections on the book of Joel. As we study this book, we will begin to see the overall theme of God’s judgment, repentance and restoration being unfolded by the prophet before our eyes.

The judgment of God is one of the important biblical principles preached by the prophets. In this regard, an understanding of the historical setting would enable us to better appreciate God’s judgment on Judah. Joel lived and prophesied in Judah during a period of peace and great prosperity. There was great expansion in the nation’s military, administration, commercial and economy during the reign of king Uzziah (2 Chronicles 26:8, 15).

However, the material prosperity of the nation has brought about spiritual poverty and religious formalism in the lives of the people of Judah. In particular, the people spent much of their time in merry-making and drunkenness, and they have forgotten about God (Joel 1:5). Moreover, the people were insincere when they brought their grain and drink offerings to the house of the Lord (Joel 1:9). They did so because that was a requirement of the law of God, but they were just going through the motion without sincerity towards worshipping God.

As a result, a terrible plague of locusts destroyed the grain, vineyards, gardens and trees. The devastation was so great it led to a severe famine throughout the land. Joel uses this national tragedy to preach the Lord’s message of divine judgment against the nation for her sins. The Day of the Lord is near (Joel 1:15; 2:1, 11). As we reflect on the history of Judah, we can understand that the people were punished for their sins.

The Psalmist tells us that God will judge the world according to His Word (Psalms 96:13). The apostle Paul warns us that the Day of the Lord will come unexpectedly (2 Peter 3:10) and it will be a terrifying day of God’s wrath and judgment for those who do not know God and render their obedience to Him (2 Thessalonians 1:7-9).

The book of Ecclesiastes also tells us that all mankind will have to give an account to God for how they live on the Day of Judgment (Ecclesiastes 12:13-14). Therefore, bearing in mind the above-mentioned passages of Scriptures, let us set aside time to take stock of our spiritual walk with God that we may be found acceptable and pleasing to Him on the Day of Judgment.

Besides the judgment of God, Joel also preached repentance to Judah after the land was devastated by locusts. “Gird yourselves and lament, you priests; wail, you who minister before the altar; come, lie all night in sackcloth, you who minister to my God; for the grain offering and the drink offering are withheld from the house of your God. Consecrate a fast, call a sacred assembly; gather the elders and all the inhabitants of the land into the house of the LORD your God, and cry out to the LORD.” (Joel 1:13-14).

Joel also emphasised that repentance ought not to be an outward show, but rather it should flow out from a genuine heart of recognising one’s wrongdoings and purposefully making the decision to live a faithful and righteous life in the sight of God: “So rend your heart, and not your garments.” (Joel 2:13). Our God desires His children to come before Him with a contrite heart of repentance.

As members of the family of God at Jurong, we understand and appreciate how God has sent His only begotten Son, Jesus Christ to be a sacrificial Lamb for the sins of all mankind so that we can have our sins cleansed and be reconciled with Him (John 3:16; Romans 5:8; 6:23). Peter also reminds us of the love of God in 2 Peter 3:9, “The Lord is not slack concerning His promise, as some count slackness, but is longsuffering toward us, not willing that any should perish but that all should come to repentance.” Despite how much God desires His people to be saved, we need to recognise that without repentance, judgment will be harsh, thorough and certain (Luke 13:3, 5). Thus, we must be willing to humble ourselves and repent of our sins before God would forgive us of our transgressions.

The restoration of God’s people is another important biblical principle that we can learn from the book of Joel. Restoration and blessing will come only after judgment and repentance. The people of the nation of Judah repented of their wrongdoings and sought forgiveness from God, and the prophet Joel gave assurance to the people that God will heal their land with material abundance and renewed spiritual blessings (Joel 2:18-27).

As we consider the restoration of God’s people during the time of Joel, it is important for us to understand that the ultimate purpose of God blessing His people is so that they would desire to know Him and develop a deeper spiritual relationship with Him. Consider Joel 2:27 when God said He will bless the nation of Judah: “Then you shall know that I am in the midst of Israel: I am the LORD your God and there is no other. My people shall never be put to shame.”

Hence, we need to constantly remind ourselves not to forget the Giver of all blessings while we enjoy the gifts that He has given us. To this end, let us learn to appreciate and hold on to the spiritual blessings that can be found in Christ (Ephesians 1:3) as we continue our spiritual walk with God each day.


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Who is at Your Centre?

If there is one disposition or attitude we can name as a major cause of conflicts and disputes between men, selfishness or self-centredness will come easily to most minds.

When we go right back to the first sin committed by mankind in Genesis 3, we see that self-centredness was the core reason why Adam and his Eve gave in.

“And the serpent said unto the woman, Ye shall not surely die: For God doth know that in the day ye eat thereof, then your eyes shall be opened, and ye shall be as gods, knowing good and evil (Gen 3:4-5).”

The serpent suggested to them that God was petty and selfish. What they should really do was to put themselves at the centre—“ye shall be as gods, knowing good and evil.”

Since that day when our first parents listened to the lie of the devil, mankind has been steeped in self-centredness. Bible history is replete with human selfishness. Secular history simply affirms what the Bible.

Humanism is the dominant philosophy of the world. According to dictionary.com, humanism “is a variety of ethical theory or practice that emphasises reason, scientific enquiry, and human fulfillment in the natural world and often rejects the importance of belief in God (emphasis mine).”

Humanists and atheists can be altruistic people, no doubt. Despite their arguments, they really do not reject objective moral values. They understand that without objective moral values, there can be no proper standard to determine right and wrong, good and evil.

Yet without God, whose nature is the reference point for objective moral values, it is left to each individual to subjectively determine what is good or bad behaviour—and no society can survive on that subjective standard.

Self-centredness is often frowned upon; it is universally considered ungracious social behaviour. We arrive at that conclusion using right reason or common sense.

We ought to use reason in our search for truth. Without the proper use of reason, it is impossible to think carefully and examine objectively any available evidence. God wants us to use our reason.

“Come now, and let us reason together, saith Jehovah: though your sins be as scarlet, they shall be as white as snow; though they be red like crimson, they shall be as wool (Isa 1:18).”

Science is “a branch of knowledge or study dealing with a body of facts or truths systematically arranged and showing the operation of general laws.” (dictionary.com)

Science observes and collates facts; science explores and discovers the wonders of this natural world we live in. Science, however, is limited to the natural. The supernatural is beyond its scope.

Science can observe both self-centred and altruistic behaviours as well as their effects on societies but science cannot determine its morality—whether it is right or wrong according to an objective moral standard.

The Bible explains that man is created for the glory and pleasure of God (Isa 43:7; Psa 86:12; 1Co 10:31). “Thou art worthy, O Lord, to receive glory and honour and power: for thou hast created all things, and for thy pleasure they are and were created (Rev 4:11).”

When we reject God and place self at the centre, as Adam and Eve did, we invite into our lives a host of unnecessary pains, conflicts, quarrels, and disputes.

This “me, myself and I-first” mentality places heavy strain on any relationship, ultimately leading to heartaches. Many a marriage breakdowns can be traced to either one or both spouses placing self as more important than the other.

In our interaction with one another, Paul gives us a set of instructions on how we can keep self-centredness at bay. It is to do the very opposite.

“If there be therefore any consolation in Christ, if any comfort of love, if any fellowship of the Spirit, if any bowels and mercies, Fulfil ye my joy, that ye be likeminded, having the same love, being of one accord, of one mind. Let nothing be done through strife or vainglory; but in lowliness of mind let each esteem other better than themselves. Look not every man on his own things, but every man also on the things of others (Php 2:1-4).”

Self-centredness is at heart a form of idolatry. It places self where God should be—at the centre. It makes self the reason for living.

It takes courage and humility to let go of self and trust God and His will for us. We hold on desperately to self, afraid of what we will lose if we did let go. Our Father wants us to trust Him and let Him work in our lives.

“Giving thanks always for all things unto God and the Father in the name of our Lord Jesus Christ; Submitting yourselves one to another in the fear of God (Eph 5:20-21).”

When we obey God and seek first His kingdom and righteousness (Mat 6:33) in obeying His word, we find the true reason for our existence. True peace follows as a result.

“Let us hear the conclusion of the whole matter: Fear God, and keep his commandments: for this is the whole duty of man (Ecc 12:13).”


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Do We Dare?

Let’s say you are relaxing on a beach. The weather is nice—sunny but not too hot. Suddenly you hear a piercing cry for help. A young child is struggling in the water; the waves are pulling him farther out to sea. What would you do?

Most of us might think that we would risk our own wellbeing to help a person in distress. We believe—hopefully—that if the situation calls for it, we will summon the necessary courage to face dangers.

But here is the thing: while we may summon physical courage to save a person’s life, we may be stumped when it comes to moral courage in saving a person’s soul. Or to stay true and loyal to the faith.

Which is harder? To risk your health or to risk embarrassment? To risk your life or to risk having your feelings hurt?

In Revelation 12:11 we read of our early brethren who overcame the devil “because of the blood of the Lamb, and because of the word of their testimony; and they loved not their life even unto death.”

The apostle Paul was determined to make a trip to Jerusalem, even though he was fully aware that danger awaited him there.

“And now, behold, I go bound in the spirit unto Jerusalem, not knowing the things that shall befall me there: save that the Holy Spirit testifieth unto me in every city, saying that bonds and afflictions abide me. But I hold not my life of any account as dear unto myself, so that I may accomplish my course, and the ministry which I received from the Lord Jesus, to testify the gospel of the grace of God (Act 20:22-24).”

What if we find ourselves in a situation where we are required to exercise courage in doing the Lord’s will? Does it sound strange that danger can potentially happen to us, or are we so used to the safety and peace we enjoy?

The Bible doesn’t whitewash anything. The heroes we read about are humans with weaknesses just like we do. Peter certainly did not seem to lack courage. He said to the Lord, “Though all men shall be offended because of thee, yet will I never be offended (Mat 26:33).”

But not long after, he denied Jesus three times out of fear of being recognised as a disciple (John 18:15-18, 25-27).

What are the dangers today that commonly test our courage? Embarrassment, being called names, unfriendliness or outright hostility, being ignored by friends, loss of social esteem or respect, rejection, etc.

When the tests come, will we realise that our faith is not anything as strong as we’d like to think it is? Remember the words of the Lord:

“Also I say unto you, Whosoever shall confess me before men, him shall the Son of man also confess before the angels of God: But he that denieth me before men shall be denied before the angels of God (Luke 12:8-9)”

The consequence of denying Christ and refusing to serve Him because of a lack of moral courage is serious.

“Whosoever therefore shall be ashamed of me and of my words in this adulterous and sinful generation; of him also shall the Son of man be ashamed, when he cometh in the glory of his Father with the holy angels (Mark 8:38).”

We can find our moral courage to serve when we keep in mind what the Lord has accomplished by the cross. He has overcome sin and death.

“Who shall separate us from the love of Christ? shall tribulation, or distress, or persecution, or famine, or nakedness, or peril, or sword?…Nay, in all these things we are more than conquerors through him that loved us (Rom 8:35, 37).”

Moral cowardice has no place in a Christian’s heart. Paul writes: “For God hath not given us the spirit of fear; but of power, and of love, and of a sound mind (2Ti 1:7).”

The courage to stand up for the faith is an indispensable quality every one of us must cultivate. Lack of moral courage will result in loss of our souls. So, do we dare for the Lord?

“But the fearful, and unbelieving, and the abominable, and murderers, and whoremongers, and sorcerers, and idolaters, and all liars, shall have their part in the lake which burneth with fire and brimstone: which is the second death (Rev 21:8).”



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Israel and the Church

For about 430 years the descendants of Abraham were living in Egypt. Israel’s number grew and this alarmed the Egyptians, and so the Egyptians subjugated Israel and made them labour as slaves.

“Therefore they did set over them taskmasters to afflict them with their burdens. And they built for Pharaoh storecities, Pithom and Raamses…And the Egyptians made the children of Israel to serve with rigor: and they made their lives bitter with hard service, in mortar and in brick, and in all manner of service in the field, all their service, wherein they made them serve with rigor (Exo 1:11, 13-14).”

Israel cried out to the Lord and He heard their cry. In response He sent them a deliverer—Moses.

Through the mighty display of God’s power, Moses led Israel out of Egypt into the wilderness. The Lord brought them not by shortcut through the land of the Philistines “but by the way of the wilderness by the Red Sea (Exo 13:18).”

With the Egyptian army hot in pursuit, the Lord performed one of the greatest miracles ever known to man. He parted the Red Sea and guided His people through on dry land while blocking the path of the Egyptians.

“And the angel of God, who went before the camp of Israel, removed and went behind them; and the pillar of cloud removed from before them, and stood behind them: and it came between the camp of Egypt and the camp of Israel; and there was the cloud and the darkness, yet gave it light by night: and the one came not near the other all the night (Exo 14:19-20).”

The Lord allowed the Egyptians to continue their pursuit through the parted Red Sea after Israel had safely made it across to the other side before closing the sea, drowning the Egyptian army.

“And the waters returned, and covered the chariots, and the horsemen, even all the host of Pharaoh that went in after them into the sea; there remained not so much as one of them…Thus Jehovah saved Israel that day out of the hand of the Egyptians; and Israel saw the Egyptians dead upon the seashore (Exo 14:28, 30).”

This epic historical event serves as a metaphor for the people of God of the new covenant today.

Israel was delivered out of bondage by a deliverer through the mighty workings of God’s power. The church likewise was delivered out of bondage to sin by a deliverer—Jesus Christ—by the mighty power of God.

“…our Lord Jesus Christ, Who gave himself for our sins, that he might deliver us from this present evil world, according to the will of God and our Father (Gal 1:3-4).”

Israel “were under the cloud, and all passed through the sea; and were all baptized unto Moses in the cloud and in the sea (1Co 10:1-2).”

We were baptised into Christ, “that like as Christ was raised up from the dead by the glory of the Father, even so we also should walk in newness of life (Rom 6:3-4).”

At Sinai the Lord made a covenant with Israel, giving them a system of law by which they were to live and worship God (Exo 20). This system of Law is known as the Law of Moses.

Under the new covenant of Christ, the church is given a new system of law by which we are to live and worship God. This system of Law is known as the Law of Christ (Gal 6:2).

The new covenant, the Law of Christ, also known as the faith (1Co16:13; 2Co 13:5; Gal 2:20; Jude 3) and the gospel (Gal 2:14; Php 1:27), is now our sole authority in religion.

Paul famously wrote: “I am crucified with Christ: nevertheless I live; yet not I, but Christ liveth in me: and the life which I now live in the flesh I live by the faith of the Son of God, who loved me, and gave himself for me (Gal 2:20).”

We can easily replace “the faith of the Son of God” with “the Law of Christ” in this verse and the meaning remains. Living by faith (Rom 1:17) is not to live according to our subjective feelings, as unfortunately many in the religious world misunderstand, but to live according to the Law of Christ.

Now back to ancient Israel. God did not deliver them out of bondage in Egypt to wander aimlessly in the wilderness for the remainder of their lives. He brought them out of Egypt that He might bring them into the Promised Land.

Likewise the Lord has not delivered us from the bondage of sin and death to leave us to our own devices. He intends to complete the work He has begun and bring us into everlasting glory with Him in heaven.

As the Lord instructed Joshua, who is a shadow of Jesus (they even share the same name), to lead Israel and press on into Canaan (Jos 1:1-2), so we must press on toward heaven by living holy and godly lives to the glory of God.

“Wherefore the rather, brethren, give diligence to make your calling and election sure: for if ye do these things, ye shall never fall: For so an entrance shall be ministered unto you abundantly into the everlasting kingdom of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ (2Pe 1:10-11).”


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The Old and the New

“And he spake also a parable unto them: No man rendeth a piece from a new garment and putteth it upon an old garment; else he will rend the new, and also the piece from the new will not agree with the old. And no man putteth new wine into old wine-skins; else the new wine will burst the skins, and itself will be spilled, and the skins will perish. But new wine must be put into fresh wine-skins. And no man having drunk old wine desireth new; for he saith, The old is good (Luke 5:36-39).”

In this parable the Lord is explaining to his hearers (and us the readers) of an important principle of the New Testament.

The important principle raised here pertains to the difference between the old covenant and the new. In the context we learn that Jesus and his disciples were feasting at the residence of Levi, whom Jesus had just called to follow him.

The Pharisees and scribes observed the event (what were they doing there anyway? Were they invited too? Not likely) and grumbled about Jesus and His disciples. “Why do you eat and drink with tax collectors and sinners (Luke 5:30)?”

In response, the Lord said, “They that are whole need not a physician; but they that are sick. I came not to call the righteous, but sinners to repentance (Luke 5:31-32).”

Unwilling to back off, the Lord’s detractors tried to raise a different point of contention, this time with the Jewish custom of fasting. “And they said unto him, The disciples of John fast often, and make supplications; likewise also the disciples of the Pharisees; but thine eat and drink (v. 33).”

The Lord patiently corrected their way of thinking.

“And Jesus said unto them, Can ye make the sons of the bride-chamber fast, while the bridegroom is with them? But the days will come; and when the bridegroom shall be taken away from them, then will they fast in those days (Luke 5:34-35).”

To emphasise this truth, Jesus told the parable we have just read about the old and new garment; the old and new wine-skins.

The old and the new covenants are distinctive and cannot be allowed to mix together. Moses was the mediator of the old covenant; but Jesus the Son of God is the Mediator of the new covenant.

“But now hath he obtained a more excellent ministry, by how much also he is the mediator of a better covenant, which was established upon better promises. For if that first covenant had been faultless, then should no place have been sought for the second (Heb 8:6-7).”

This new covenant is superior to the old made with the children of Israel at Sinai.

“For finding fault with them, he saith, Behold, the days come, saith the Lord, That I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah; Not according to the covenant that I made with their fathers In the day that I took them by the hand to lead them forth out of the land of Egypt; For they continued not in my covenant, And I regarded them not, saith the Lord (Heb 8:8-9).”

Paul uses the covenant relationship of marriage to clearly help us who live on this side of the cross to understand the difference between the old and the new.

“Or are ye ignorant, brethren (for I speak to men who know the law), that the law hath dominion over a man for so long time as he liveth? For the woman that hath a husband is bound by law to the husband while he liveth; but if the husband die, she is discharged from the law of the husband. So then if, while the husband liveth, she be joined to another man, she shall be called an adulteress: but if the husband die, she is free from the law, so that she is no adulteress, though she be joined to another man. Wherefore, my brethren, ye also were made dead to the law through the body of Christ; that ye should be joined to another, even to him who was raised from the dead, that we might bring forth fruit unto God (Rom 7:1-4).”

Let this fact sink in: “Wherefore, my brethren, ye also were made dead to the law through the body of Christ; that ye should be joined to another, even to him who was raised from the dead…”

The old must not be allowed to alloy with the new. Today it remains pervasive in the religious scene to find so many people insisting on keeping the Ten Commandments, using mechanical instruments of music in worship, the wearing of special garments, etc.

These things ought not to be. We are commanded to worship God in spirit and truth (Mat 4:24). This must mean that we are to worship God not only in sincerity but according to His word (cf. John 17:17).

The new covenant, effected by the blood of Jesus Christ, is the only covenant in effect now. “For where a testament is, there must of necessity be the death of him that made it. For a testament is of force where there hath been death: for it doth never avail while he that made it liveth (Heb 9:16-17).”

We cannot return to the abolished “law of commandments contained in ordinances (Eph 2:15) to learn how we can approach God and worship Him acceptably. We cannot mix the two covenants together, choosing from each elements that meet our fancy while disregarding the rest.

If anyone desires to return to the old law as justification for how we worship today, let that person be aware of the warning from the apostle:

“Yea, I testify again to every man that receiveth circumcision, that he is a debtor to do the whole law (Gal 5:3).” In other words, we are not at liberty to pick and choose. If we would use mechanical musical instruments and other old covenant practices. we are then obligated to offer animal sacrifices, visit Jerusalem three times yearly to keep the feasts, etc.